Aphasia is an acquired, multi-modal language disorder resulting from neurological damage. It may affect a person’s ability to talk, write and understand spoken and written language, leaving other cognitive abilities intact.
Aphasia is a long-term, life-changing condition, which affects both the individual and others around him / her. Living with aphasia involves individuals and those in their environment in a process of adaptation to change, in terms of communication style, lifestyle, identity and life roles.
- Speech and language therapists play a unique role in identification and assessment of those with aphasia.
- SLTs also have a key role in education and training others involved in the care of those with aphasia, including family and health, education and social care staff.
- Specific speech and language therapy programmes aimed at reducing certain impairments have been found to be effective with some patients.
- Communication aids (AAC), improves communication competence of some persons with aphasia.
- Persons with aphasia remain at risk as defined by the Mental Capacity Act (2005) / Incapacity Act and SLTs are integral to assessing competence for consenting, etc.
View aphasia sections:
- Introduction: characteristics, aetiology, vulnerability and risk issues.
- Role of speech and language therapy: assessment, diagnosis and management.
- Prevalence and incidence statistics
- Evidence and research
- Guidelines and supporting resources
- RCSLT Bulletin feature articles
- Useful contacts: RCSLT advisers, clinical excellence networks (CENs), key organisations.
- Reference list
- Website contributors and date of last review
Cross-reference with other topic areas:
- Acquired motor speech disorders
- Augmentative and alternative communication (ACC)
- Brain injury
- Learning disabilities
- Mental health
- Progressive neurological disorder
- Visual impairment