A stroke occurs when the blood flow to part of the brain is cut off.
Types of stroke
There are two types of stroke:
- ischaemic stroke: blockage cutting off the blood supply to the brain; the cause of most strokes.
- haemorrhagic stroke: caused by a bleeding in or around the brain.
A transient ischaemic attack or TIA, sometimes referred to as a mini-stroke, is defined as stroke symptoms and signs that resolve within 24 hours.
Effects of stroke
A stroke can affect many different body functions, depending on the part of the brain that is involved, including:
- problems with swallowing - Dysphagia
- problems with communication, including Aphasia, dysarthria and apraxia. See Acquired motor speech disorders.
The SLT has a key role in:
- initial assessment of swallowing and communication difficulties following acute stroke
- training of other healthcare professionals to carry out screening
- long-term rehabilitation of stroke patients as part of the core multidisciplinary stroke rehabilitation team
- coaching others, including carers and other professionals, to facilitate communication
- supporting the medical team to assess capacity, in cases in which it is difficult to obtain consent from a person.
For further information read our stroke factsheet
View stroke sections:
- Introduction to stroke: definitions, aetiology, vulnerability and risk issues.
- Role of speech and language therapy: assessment, diagnosis and management.
- National policy context
- Prevalence and incidence
- Evidence and research
- Guidelines and supporting resources
- RCSLT Bulletin feature articles
- Useful contacts: RCSLT advisers, RCSLT clinical excellence networks, key organisations.
- Website contributors and date of last review
Cross-reference with other topic areas:
- Acquired motor speech disorders
- Adult respiratory care
- Augmentative and alternative communication
- Brain injury
- Mental health
- Motor disorders
- Visual impairment