Abstract object symbol
An object symbol that uses a part of an object.
Auditory neuropathy processing disorder
A hearing disorder in which the inner ear successfully detects sound, but has a problem with sending sound from the ear to the brain.
Auditory processing disorder
A hearing problem where the brain is unable to process sounds in the normal way.
Bodily tactile communication
Involves an eclectic, bodily approach to the whole person as a physical individual in a physical world. The physical approach also includes the residual senses (vision/hearing) and the entire body. Use of tactual signs/sign support based on elements from Sign Language as well as haptic communication are part of, but not the full extent of this modality.
A tactile alphabet based on patterns of raised dots.
Cerebral vision impairment
The name for problems with vision that stem from the brain rather than the eye.
A way of speaking where the speaker focuses on precision, and accuracy of lip patterns in a fully formed manner, without distorting natural speech patterns.
Manual signs that are produced at the best distance for the person to follow sign using residual vision.
A specialist worker who provides individual support for a deafblind person, providing communication and orientation and mobility support.
Community deafblind worker
A specialist worker based in social services to support the identification, assessment and support of deafblind people.
Umbrella term describing the co-existence of hearing and vision difficulties where residual senses are unable to compensate for each other.
Deafblind block alphabet
A sequence of signals made in the hand to spell out words using capital letters.
Deafblind manual alphabet
A sequence of signals made in the hand to spell out words. Signals are loosely based upon the two handed alphabet.
Includes vision, hearing and smell. These senses allow us to find out information at a distance.
Dual sensory impaired
Describing the coexistence of hearing and vision difficulties where residual senses are unable to compensate for each other.
Dual sensory loss
Describing the co-existence of hearing and vision difficulties where residual senses are unable to compensate for each other, most likely used to describe older people with deteriorating hearing and vision over time.
Eye care liaison officer (ELCO)
A specialist worker based in eye clinics to support people with vision needs.
Practitioners who identify, deliver and evaluate habilitative interventions to vision impaired children mobility, orientation and independent living skills to maximise their independence.
The sense of touch, haptic meaning the active exploration in perception.
Human support practitioners
A collective term used to describe the different specialist roles who provide one to one assistance to individuals with disability.
The lesser known sense of interpreting feelings and sensations that go on within the body, including hunger, thirst, pain, heart rate, itches and tickling.
A specialist worker who provides individual support for a deafblind child to support learning, development and facilitate independence.
A tactile alphabet based on simplified letter shapes.
Describing the co-existence of hearing and vision difficulties where residual senses are unable to compensate for each other, most likely used to describe children or people born with deafblindness, reflecting the inclusion of other senses and likelihood of additional physical or learning needs.
Near senses or internal senses
Includes vestibular, proprioception, and interoception. These senses allow us to monitor our own body.
Objects used to alert a person about an upcoming event.
Objects of reference
Objects used to communicate.
On body signs
Manual signs that are made by making contact with the body, an adapted manual signs system that blends touch cues and tactile signing.
Profound and multiple learning disability (PMLD)
People with PMLD are characterised by a complex range of severe physical and learning disabilities with an IQ below 25 and a lack of functional skills. See NICE learning disabilities guidance.
The sense that involves complex sensations, including perception of joint position and movement, muscle force, and effort that allow us to perceive the location, movement, and action of parts of the body.
Regulation of the senses
The ability to maintain an appropriate level of alertness and respond appropriately to sensory information in the environment.
Practitioners who identify, deliver and evaluate professional rehabilitation interventions to vision impaired people to enhance their skills, confidence and to maximise their independence.
The ability to take information from our senses, and process and organise it in our brain.
Sensory processing disorder
When the brain has trouble receiving and responding to information that comes in through the senses.
Speech to text (reporter or palantypist)
A palantypist types verbatim what is spoken onto a screen which is read by the person.
Physical symbols that are used like picture symbols for sighted people, include objects, parts of objects or raised imagery.
A method of feeling speech by placing the hand on the throat of the speaker.
Tactile symbols that share a perceptual relationship with what they represent. They are tactile, but can also include photos or imagery.
A specific touch made in a particular location used to alert a person about an upcoming event.
Manual signs are followed by the listener placing their hands on the speaker’s wrist to follow broad movements and keep signs within the residual visual field.
The sense that involves the sensation of body rotation, gravitation and movement, coordinated within the middle ear and allows us to perceive awareness of body balance, upright perception and movement.
Manual signs that are produced with the best place for the person to follow using residual vision.