Evidence and research


Research articles, collections and other resources to inform on the evidence-base and scholarship around all aspects of diversity, including clinical issues, the speech and language therapy profession, inclusive research methods, health inequality and anti-racism.

Inclusive Research Methods

Researchers, as well as clinicians, need to be inclusive in their practice. When selecting your approach to research, you should consider aspects of diversity, inclusion and anti-racism.

To support you with this, we have picked out a few key resources that are available through the RCSLT subscription to Sage Research Methods.

To access these resources, please visit this page to the access Sage Research Methods package. Once you have logged in through the portal, come back to this page and click on the titles below (or, you can search for them on the Sage Research Methods).

Gordon Crawford, Lena J. Kruckenberg, Nicholas Loubere, and Rosemary Morgan 2017. Understanding Global Development Research: Fieldwork Issues, Experiences and Reflections. 55 City Road, London: SAGE Publications Ltd.

Joseph Trimble, and Celia Fisher 2006. The Handbook of Ethical Research with Ethnocultural Populations & Communities. : SAGE Publications, Inc.

McLaughlin, H. 2012. Research and Anti-Oppressive Practice. In: Understanding Social Work Research, 2nd ed. London: SAGE Publications Ltd pp. 73-94.

Norman Denzin, Yvonna Lincoln, and Linda Smith 2008. Handbook of Critical and Indigenous Methodologies. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications, Inc.

Thomas, V. 2009. Critical Race Theory: Ethics and Dimensions of Diversity in Research. In: The Handbook of Social Research Ethics, Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications, Inc. pp. 54-68.

Yasmin Gunaratnam 2003. Researching Race and Ethnicity. London: SAGE Publications Ltd.

Journal articles

SLT workforce and curriculum

  • Brewer, KM and McCann, CM. (2020). Perceptions of cultural competence in the New Zealand speech-language therapy profession. Speech, Language and Hearing, DOI: 10.1080/2050571X.2020.1808345
  • Clark, EL, Easton, C. & Verdon, S. (2020). The impact of linguistic bias upon speech-language pathologists’ attitudes towards non-standard dialects of English. Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics, DOI: 10.1080/02699206.2020.1803405.
  • Lee, M., Walter, J. & Hewat, S. (2020) The Impact of an Online Cultural Simulation Activity on the Development of Speech Pathology Students’ Cultural Empathy: A Pilot Study. International Journal of Practice-based Learning in Health and Social Care, 8 (2), 16-28.
  • Mahendra, N. (2019) Integrating Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Queer Issues Into the Multicultural Curriculum in Speech-Language Pathology: Instructional Strategies and Learner Perceptions. Perspectives of the ASHA Special Interest Groups, 4(2), pp.384-394.
  • Staley, B., Hickey, E.,  Rule, D., Barrett, H., Salter, C., Gibson, R. & Rochus, D. (2020). Speech-language pathology and ethical practice in global contexts. International Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, DOI: 10.1080/17549507.2020.1743358.
  • Subramanian, A. (2020). Importance of Cultural Competence in Supervisory Relationships. ASHA Perspectives, 5 (2), 489-491

Working with diverse populations

  • Burns, A. & Radford, J. (2008) Parent—child interaction in Nigerian families: conversation analysis, context and culture. Child Language Teaching and Therapy, 24, 193 – 209.
  • Digard, B., Sorace, A., Stanfield, A. and Fletcher-Watson, S. (2020). Bilingualism in autism: Language learning profiles and social experiences. Autism, p.136236132093784.
  • Ebert, K. D. (2017) Convergence between parent report and direct assessment of language and attention in culturally and linguistically diverse children. PLoS One, 12 (7), e0180598.
  • Gréaux, M., Katsos, N. & Gibson, J. (2020). Recognising and protecting the communication rights of autistic children. Languages, Society & Policy. Online.
  • Hall, K. and Johnson, L. (2020). The Three CCC’s of Dysphagia Management: Culturally Competent Care. Perspectives of the ASHA Special Interest Groups, pp.1-6.
  • Parveen, S., & Santhanam, S. Priya. (2020). Speech-Language Pathologists’ Perceived Competence in Working With Culturally and Linguistically Diverse Clients in the United States. Communication Disorders Quarterly. https://doi.org/10.1177/1525740120915205
  • McLeod, S. (2020) Intelligibility in Context Scale: cross-linguistic use, validity, and reliability. Speech, Language and Hearing, 23 (1), 9-16.
  • Stankova, M. et al (2020) Cultural and Linguistic Practice with Children with Developmental Language Disorder: Findings from an International Practitioner Survey. Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica. doi: 10.1159/000511903
  • Tan-McGrory, A., Madu, A. O., Kenst, K. S. & Betancourt, J. R. (2020). Engaging Patients from Diverse Backgrounds in Healthcare Treatment. In: The Wiley Handbook of Healthcare Treatment Engagement: theory, research and clinical practice. (eds Handler, Al. Sutton, S. Osterberg, L.). https://doi.org/10.1002/9781119129530.ch18
  • Whiteside, K.E., Norbury, C. F. (2017) The Persistence and Functional Impact of English Language Difficulties Experienced by Children Learning English as an Additional Language and Monolingual Peers. Journal of Speech, Language and Hearing Research, 60 (7), 2014-2030.

Inclusive research methodology

  • Jones, K. C. (2020) Bridging the Research Gap: A Toolkit on Inclusive Research and Development Practices. Chicago Council on Global Affairs. Online. Available at: https://www.jstor.org/stable/resrep24850 <Accessed 17 Dec 2020>
  • Levinson, M. P (2020). The Quest for Genuinely Participatory and Inclusive Research Approaches: Exploring and Expressing Experience Through Cultural Animation and Transcription Poetry. International review of Qualitative Research, 13 (2), https://doi.org/10.1177/1940844720934372.
  • Roche, P., Shimmin, C., Hickes, S., Khan, M., Sherzoi, O., Wicklund, E., Lavoie, J., Hardie, S., Wittmeier, K. and Sibley, K. (2020). Valuing All Voices: refining a trauma-informed, intersectional and critical reflexive framework for patient engagement in health research using a qualitative descriptive approach. Research Involvement and Engagement, 6(1).
  • Witham, M. D., Anderson, e., Carroll, C, Dark, P. M., Down, K. et al (2020). Developing a roadmap to improve trial delivery for under-served groups: results from a UK multi-stakeholder process. Trials, 21 (694). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13063-020-04613-7

Articles from the journal Languages, Society & Policy, stemming from the ‘Multilingualism: Empowering individuals, transforming societies’ (MEITS) project may be of interest to SLTs. Find the open-access journal here.

Academic resources

  • Springer Nature: A collection of  books, articles and journals that aim to “help readers gain from research insights, not least in the history and social science of racism and police violence“.
  • Taylor and Francis: curated list of “validated scholarly content on racism and its prevention, on social and economic justice on related educational resources and on their effects on society as a whole”.
  • Emerald Publishing: collection of crucial research and insights which can help each and every one one of us tackle anti-black racism across the globe.
  • Research resources and opportunities: See the #ReSNetSLT blog on “Working with ‘under-served’ populations” and online journal club transcript on the same topic (open access); check the ‘Inclusive research opportunities and resources’ section in our bi-monthly research newsletter.
  • Routledge Education has developed ‘Educating Black Lives‘  a collection of readings and resources for antiracist education which are freely available, including a section on ‘Foundational Research and Theory’.
  • Wiley has launched ‘RISE (research in support of equity)’ a collection of journal articles and book chapters to help readers reflect on how to create a more equitable society.
  • Wiley have also partnered with ‘Leading Routes’, an initiative that aims to prepare the next generation of Black academics.

Evidence pages

Evidence from the IALP Multilingual and Multicultural Affairs Committee


If you are carrying out research in this area, or would like to get involved in contributing to the Research and outcomes team’s work in this area, please get in touch.

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